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Affolder, Amstutz, Armantrout, Armstrong, Backus, Baughman, Beagle, Beaver, Beckner, Bendix, Boutwell, Burns, Cook,
Craig, Criswell, Crowell, Cummans, DuBois, Fluhart, Garlinger, Gerber, Gerkey, Gerlinger, Gilland, Hoxley, Kerr, LeMay,
Lizarriga, Martin, Mason, McElroy,McIntyre, Mentzer, Minch, Nordyke, Phillips, Poling, Rasor, Ricketts, Rinehart,
Rittenberry,Romick, Ryf, Schroll, Severance, Smith, Snively, Thompson, Tracksel, Troxel, Wolber
One of the oldest known residences of the main Franconian line of the Gerlinger's is in the village of Creglingen. The "Schafof" or "Shephard's House" was the residence of Hans Gerlinger as far back as 1650. I visited this very property in 1990 and found Georg Gerlinger and his family still living in the house after nearly 350 years. Creglingen sits on the Tauber River and is approximately 7 miles from the medieval city Rothernburg ob der Tauber. This entire area of the Tauber River valley represents the ancestral homeland of the Garlinger/Gerlinger family. A direct document linking Christoph Gerlinger to the main Franconian line has never been found. The destruction of Protestant churches and Church records by the Catholic League Armies during the Thirty Years War (1618-1648) suggests that the birth records and family records of the Gerlinger's prior to this time will never be found. However, other city records clearly show that the Tauber River region was the original source for the suname Garlinger/Gerlinger. In the one hundred years from 1598 to 1698, a Gerlinger has held the postion of village mayor 14 times and many other offices such as quartermaster, village valuer and others.
In 1657, Christoph Gerlinger settled in Weitersweiler, Alsace, he became the patriarch of the Alsatian line of Gerlinger's. Descendants of Christoph and Catharina Gerlinger still live in nearby Grossbundenbach and Kleinbundenbach across the German border. The first known Gerlinger to come to America was Maria Caterina Gerlinger, the great-grand-daughter of Christoph Gerlinger. Maria Caterina (Gerlinger) GREINER arrived in Philadelphia on September 5, 1749 aboard the ship "Phoenix" She settlled in Whitemarsh Township near Philadelphia with her husband Andrea Greiner, of the Alsace. The first known male Gerlinger to arrive in America was the great-grandson of Christoph Gerlinger, Johannes Georgius Gerlinger. He likely sailed from Rotterdam, with a stop in Crowes, England and arrived in America around 1763. the trip took about 10 weeks. He likely came under the terms of slavery known by the polite term of "indentured servitude." At the time of his arrival, the population of Philadelphia was around 20,000 people. Georgius Gerlinger soon had his name anglicized to George Garlinger by the English record keepers. He settled in the Northern Liberties section of Philadelphia a few blocks north of Independence Hall. George Garlinger served in the Revoltionary War in the Pennsylvania German Regiment and the Philadelphia Militia and attended St. Michael and Zion Church in Philadelpia where Lutheran Church records were kept on some of his family.
The German pronounciation of "GERLINGER" is to roll the "R" as in "GARE-ALL", rhyming with "Carol" and "INGER" rhyming with "singer". The Lutheran clergy in America generally recorded the name as Gerlinger, but when the family dealt with the English Colonial authorities the spelling was often listed as Garlinger. The term "Pennsylvania Dutch" comes from a similar misunderstanding. When early German immigrants were asked their nationality, they would reply "Deutsche" meaning German. The English thought they were saying "Dutch." Other Gerlinger's who came from the Palatinate and southern Germany before 1830 generally had their name anglicised to Garlinger. This is primarily because the immigrants could not read or write in German or English. After 1830, as Gerlinger's came to America they were educated and able to retain the orignal spelling of the German name Gerlinger.
If you wonder what kind of welcome these German immigrants received in the city of brotherly love then consider the following excerpts from comments by Benjamin Franklin:
"Few of their children in the country know English......the signs
in our streets have inscriptions in both languages, and some places only
German. They make all of their bonds and legal instruments in their own
language, which (though I think it ought not to be), are allowed in our
courts...unless the stream of importation could be turned from this to
other colonies......they will soon outnumber us....and will in my opinion,
be not able to preserve our language, and even our government will become
The family history of George Garlinger's descendants is the history of America. They pushed westward from Pennsylvania, to Maryland, Ohio and to Indiana where I live today. Other descendants have settled as far as Honolulu in the US and Sidney in Australia. You can follow the descendant links from Christopher Gerlinger in the Alsace to my father, Leon Garlinger in Bryant, Indiana. If the Garlinger you are interested in is not in my direct line you can likely locate them by carefully searching the Garlinger Descendants List and Index of Names..