Seventh Generation

99. Horatio7 Garlinger (William6, Jacob5, "George" Johannes Georgius4, Johann Heinrich3 Gerlinger, Phillippus Jacobus2, Christoph1) (#16) was born in Schellsburg, Bedford, Pennsylvania November 23, 1830. Horatio died August 5, 1862 at 31 years of age.

He married Catherine Morrison in Wyandot, Ohio, December 9, 1852. (Catherine Morrison is #17.) Catherine was born November 30, 1828. Catherine died November 2, 1870 at 41 years of age. Horatio was born into poverty in Bedford County Pennsylvania. His family lived nearby his Uncle John Garlinger who was a Cabinet maker in Schellsburg. Horatio and his brothers George, Henry and John were all listed as "poor children of Bedford County" in 1836. The family attended the "Log Cabin" Reformed and Lutheran Church built in 1806 near Schellsburg. The Union Graveyard surrounds the church  where two of his infant bothers were laid to rest. His Uncle John Garlinger and John's  wife, Elizabeth are also buried there.

In 1841, when Horatio was age 11,  the family moved to Columbiana, County Ohio. Columbiana County borders Pennsylvania and West Virginia on the eastern border of Ohio as he got older he worked with Thomas Garlinger, a Wagon-maker in Salem Township in adjacent Jefferson County. Thomas may have been a cousin or perhaps Horatio's oldest brother. Horatio was a Carpenter and Mechanic. He helped Thomas build Conestoga Wagons. The Conestoga wagon was one of the important contributions of the Pennsylvania Germans to their new country. In Germany, they had used small wooden carts for hauling produce to market. In Pennsylvania, a larger cart was needed and the Germans developed a freight wagon called "Conestoga" named after a Pennsylvania creek which had been named after the Conestoga Indians. Columbiana County was an important stop for pioneers heading west. A typical Conestoga wagon was 26 feet long, stood 11 feet high and weighed 3,000 lbs. It could carry up to 6,000 lb.. of cargo when pulled by a six horse team. This wagon became known later as a "covered wagon" when settlers used it west of the Mississippi.

 In 1849, Horatio's parents and family moved to Hardin County in Northwestern Ohio. The 19 yr. old Horatio remained in Jefferson County for awhile before joining his family in Hardin County in 1850.  He continued to work with Thomas Garlinger for awhile. He met and married Catherine Morrison in 1853 in Wynadot County just east of Hardin County. They settled in Liberty Township Hardin County just north of  the farm of his brother John J. Garlinger. Horatio and Catherine managed to purchase a small one acre parcel of land where they built a house which still stands today.

According to descendants in Hardin County, Horatio Garlinger, age 31,  was killed in Northern Virginia on August 5, 1862 while serving in the Army of the Potomac under the command of General Pope. I have searched the records of the 82nd Ohio Volunteer Infantry Regiment which was raised in Liberty Township  in December 1861.  He could have joined in another Ohio county or even in a Pennsylvania county. I have found no record of Horatio's service in the Union Army in either state. A grandson of Julia Garlinger Boutwell, the niece of Horatio, reported that his grandmother Julia, had a Civil War sword and pistol that belonged to her uncle.
A search of military records in the National Archives has also failed to produce any record of his service. It is worthwhile to note, that many Civil War Military Service Records were produced many years after the War when veterans and widows of veterans applied for government pensions. A local official or Doctor would attest to the individual's service in the Grand Army of the Republic to verify eligibility for benefits. Such a record for Horatio would never have been produced. His widow was left with 5 children, ages 1 through 8. Henry Harrison Garlinger was just six years old when his father died. Catherine had twins, John and Mary, born on August 5, 1861. Horatio died on their first birthday.

Catherine, also known as Kate Garlinger died 8 years later in 1870 at the age of 41. Her five orphaned children continued to live with Aunts and Uncles on the nearby  McElroy and Garlinger farms.  She never lived long enough to file for any veteran's benefits that were offered to Civil War widows and to possibly create the record of Horatio' service in the National Archives.

Horatio was listed as a Mechanic in the 1860 Census for Liberty Twp.. Hardin County (HDLB).
Listed as Horatio Garlinger M 29 born -Penn, Catherine F 29 born Ohio, 3 children James 6M, Henry 4M, Isabella 2F

 Horatio Garlinger and Catherine Morrison had the following children:

child 156 i. James Humphry8 Garlinger (#42) was born in Liberty Twp., Hardin, Ohio December 22, 1853. James died 1910 in Chicago, Illinois, at 56 years of age. MEMO: An interesting fact is that the 1860 Mercer County, Ohio Census Page 098 has a 24 year old adult male "James HUMPHRY" living with a Joseph Garlinger, age 42. This indicates some

child + 157 ii. Henry Harrison Garlinger was born October 31, 1855.

child 158 iii. Isabella Miller Garlinger (#43) was born in Ohio March 12, 1858. !CEN1870: Living with her aunt Abigail Garlinger McElroy and James B . McElroy in 1870 Liberty Twp. Hardin County Census. (page 21 Dwelling 173)

child + 159 iv. John Wilson Garlinger was born August 5, 1861.

child 160 v. Mary Catherine Garlinger (#45) was born August 5, 1861. She married Bert McKinney. (Bert McKinney is #47.) !MISC: Twin of John Wilson Garlinger

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