Jacob followed the path of many other German immigrants as they came from Philadelphia and settled along the rolling valleys of Pennsylvania and Northern Maryland. The geography of this area is very reminiscent of the Pfalz region of Germany. In fact. "Pfaltz" means "folds" and referd to rolling hills. He married twice. He married Elizabeth. (Elizabeth is #621.) Elizabeth was born in Pennsylvania around 1778. Elizabeth died after 1851. He married Jane ? around 1790. (Jane ? is #468.) Jane was born about 1773. Jacob and Jane Garlinger are listed on page 13 of St. Clair's Bedford as the father of John Garlinger of Bedford County. Jacob and Jane lived in Franklin County, Pennsylvania in 1791 when John was born. By 1793 they lived near Hagerstown, Maryland in Washington County. Jacob Garlinger appears in the 1800 Washington County Maryland Census as age 26-45, Jane is 26-45 and they have three boys and two girls under age 10.
This is where William Garlinger.(William is #18) and many of their other children were born. .Although William is known to have given both Maryland and Pennsylvania as his place of birth.. In those days the location of the border between Pennsylvania and Maryland was not clearly defined and was the subject of occasional border skirmishes..
Jacob and Jane attended St. John's Evangelical Lutheran Church in Hagerstown (then called Elisabeth Town) where the services were conducted in German. The pastor was Reverend Mr. J. George Schmucker, D.D. who had received his formal training in Halle, Germany and became pastor of the church at age 23 in 1793. The church congregation grew from 108 to 211 by 1805.
There are very few remaining Church records for the perioid 1794 to
1806. A new church building was built and dedicated in 1806. It is easy
to imagine that the farmer and carpenter Jacob Garlinger would have lent
a hand in the construction of the new house of worship. The congreagtion
held strong views about maintaining the services in German. The church
was thrown into "vehement agitation" when English was first introduced
in 1833. Separate services in the two languages continued until 1873..
Jacob left the Hagerstown area sometime betwen 1811 and 1820. Perhaps at the time of Jane's death.
A Bill of Sale dated Feb 14. 1799 shows Jacob's name once as Garlinger and twice as Gerlinger. Jacob Gerlinger was listed in the July 1, 1808 of the Maryland Herald as having a letter in the post office that needed to be picked up and then again on Jan 2, 1811, Jacob Garlinger was listed in a similar list. By 1819 Jacob and Elizabeth Garlinger (not Jane) were attending the German Reformed Evangelical Zion's Chruch of Greencastle, Pennsylvania in Franklin County. Jane had apparantly passed away by 1819 and Jacob had re-married to Elizabeth . Jacob and Elizabeth appear in the 1850 Franklin Co. Census. It is not certain when Jane died but it would likely have been between 1805 and 1818. It is not clear if Elizabeth or Jane is the mother of some of Jacob's children. Elizabeth may be the mother starting around 1811 with Daniel. The Cemetary Records of Franklin Co. PA and Washington Co. MD have been searched for their resting place with no results.
Many of the descendants of Jacob and Jane remained in Franklin County, Pennsylvania and Washington County, Maryland for several generations. They had at least three grandsons who were Union soldiers and fought in Civil War battles that took place in Franklin Co, Pennsylvania and Northern Maryland. There is a street in Hagerstown, Maryland named after the Garlinger's
Jacob Garlinger and Jane ? had the following children:
+ 79 i. John6 Garlinger was born February 24, 1791.
+ 80 ii. William Garlinger was born about 1793.
+ 81 iii. Jacob Garlinger was born September 8, 1796.
82 iv. Elizabeth Garlinger (#498) was born in Washington, Maryland about 1798. She married Otto Chambers in Hagerstown, Washington, Maryland, January 1817. (Otto Chambers is #499.) Otto was born before 1800.
+ 83 v. Mary Garlinger was born about 1800.
+ 84 vi. Adam Garlinger was born about 1805.
+ 85 vii. Daniel Garlinger was born August 14, 1811.
+ 86 viii. James Garlinger was born 1815.
+ 87 ix. Samuel
Garlinger was born 1816.
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